Carbon fibers are composed almost entirely of elemental carbon. The atoms are arranged in micro-crystals, aligned longitudinally with the fiber’s axis. This alignment makes the fibers more rigid than steel, despite being only a quarter to one-fifth the density. Thus these fibers are especially appealing for light-weight construction purposes.
In order to take advantage of these properties the fibers, each less than one-tenth the width of a human hair, must be contained in some kind of frame – in this case a polymer matrix which functions to set the fibers in place.
A good carbon component contains more than 50% fiber.
A carbon component is not just light because the material itself has an excellent strength-to-weight ratio, but also because the fibers can be aligned so as to take account of where exactly the stress factors accumulate. This means that we can use the minimum amount of material for the purpose.
daCarbo uses the freedom offered by fiber alignment and rigid design possibilities in building our instruments not to cut down on weight, but primarily to optimize the instrument’s vibration.